COUNTER-TERRORISM MEASURES IN THE SINAI PENINSULA التقرير الخاص بالإرهاب في سيناء باللغتين العربية

الموضوع في 'International Military News' بواسطة Egy-k-52, بتاريخ ‏24 سبتمبر 2017.

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    Egy-k-52 ""FALCON >< SNIPER""




    Sinaï


    Report
    ________
    September 2017



    COUNTER-TERRORISM MEASURES IN


    THE SINAI PENINSULA


    BASSEM A. YOUSSEF EL-TELAWY


    &


    AHMED A. MOHAMMED NOOR El-DIN


    2
    COUNTER-TERRORISM MEASURES IN



    THE SINAI PENINSULA


    BASSEM A. YOUSSEF EL-TELAWY


    &


    AHMED A. MOHAMMED NOOR El-DIN


     


    FOREWORD


    This report seeks to propose a different perspective of the conflict than that presented
    by the media and classic analysis. Following long research and collection of
    testimonies from local sources, this report will attempt to depict an image of the



    security situation [in the Sinai] which close to the reality.


     


    Introduction


    The Sinai Peninsula covers an area of 60,088 square kilometers. Its topography varies from
    north to south and from east to west. The central region is home to chains of mountainous
    areas, valleys, plateaus, and sand dunes.
    The north differs in that it has vast areas used for agriculture and dense vegetation making it
    similar to a forest in some locations, while in others, the north seems like a mostly open, bare
    land with no features except sand dunes.



    __________


    The Sinai has been a scene of terrorist operations for more than thirteen years. The first
    signs erupted in October 2004, when a series of simultaneous explosions targeted the resort
    cities of Taba and Nuweiba resulting in casualties among both foreign tourists and Egyptian
    citizens. In the aftermath of the attack several anonymous groups claimed responsibility but
    the most credible claim was that of Kataib (brigades) Abdullah Azzam.
    This group, Abdullah Azzam Brigades, is known to be one of the branches of al-Qaeda,
    which carried out operations in Egypt, the Arabian Gulf and the Levant. As for its name,
    the group is attributed to Abdullah Azzam, Palestinian national and member of the Muslim
    Brotherhood, and one of the most prominent militant leaders in Afghanistan at the time of
    the Soviet occupation. He was killed on November 24th, 1989 with his sons Mohammed
    and Ibrahim, after his car was blown up in a mysterious assassination.
    After Taba and Nuweiba explosions the Egyptian security forces launched an operation to
    track down the perpetrators. They succeeded in arresting a number of elements involved in
    the planning and execution of the attacks.
    Several other terrorist attacks targeted the Sinai in the following two years. The resort city of
    Sharm el-Sheikh fell victim to another series of bombings on July 23rd, 2005. The city's old
    market and the Mövenpick Hotel were targeted simultaneously with two improvised
    explosive devices; a car bomb and an explosive device stored in a backpack. The Naama
    Bay resort was struck by a suicide bomber in a rigged truck as well.
    The attack claimed the lives of 88 people and left over 200 injured, the majority of whom
    were Egyptians. Kataib Abdullah Azzam claimed responsibility for the attack.
    As for 2006, three explosions shook the resort city of Dahab on April 24th, Killing 23 and
    injuring 62 people, the majority of which were again Egyptian.
    Although various groups were linked to or claimed responsibility for these attacks one name
    was repeatedly involved. The infamous Tawheed and Jihad were always either directly
    5



    linked or thought to be associated in some capacity. The organization was founded in the
    nineties by Khaled Mas'ed. Mas'ed was killed in 2005 near the village of Mahdya south of
    Rafah as a result of security operations that followed the Sharm el-Sheikh bombings.
    Tawheed and Jihad are still linked to terrorism in the Sinai today, almost three decades after
    their foundation. Their influence on operations and groups throughout the years can lend
    credence to the claim that they are the origin of all contemporary terrorist activity in the
    Sinai. The prison breaks around the 25th of January Revolution and the following security
    collapse had allowed several imprisoned Tawheed and Jihad members to escape. Naturally
    they returned to the Sinai and began the creation of new organizations. These new groups
    began operating as early as late 2011 and throughout 2012 by sabotaging gas pipelines,
    launching cross border raids, and carrying out the first mass casualty attack on an Egyptian
    Border Guards position. Their operations continued in 2013 and ramped up after the 30th
    of June Revolution. They really began to assert their presence after the formation of the
    Mujahideen Shura Council in Aknaf Beit al-Maqdiss which eventually went on to form
    Ansar Beit al-Maqdiss which swore allegiance to the Islamic State in 2014 after a brutal
    attack on a security forces checkpoint at Karm al-Kawades.



    6


    PROMINENT TERROR ATTACKS IN NORTHERN SINAI
    ____________________________________________________



    Karm al-Kawades attack


    Location: Karm al-Kawades southeast of al-
    Arish City southwest of Sheikh Zuweid City



    Date: October 25, 2014
    Event: Attack on Karm al-Kawades military
    checkpoint
    The attack on the Karm al-Kawades
    checkpoint is considered a turning point for
    terrorist operations in Northern Sinai, it
    signified a radical shift in the nature of these
    operations on the ground since it was the
    first to emulate the guerrilla tactics
    developed on the Iraqi and Syrian grounds.
    The attack was carried out in three phases:
    - The initial phase included the use of a
    Suicide Vehicle Borne Improvised
    Explosive Device (SVBIED) in the form of
    a truck loaded with hundreds of kilograms
    of high explosive material packed in to
    shrapnel creating metal containers. The
    result was an explosion which destroyed the
    majority of the checkpoint's defensive
    preparations and positions. This was then
    followed by mortar and machine gun fire to
    neutralize the checkpoint for the second
    phase; the assault.
    - The assault was carried out by couple
    dozen infantrymen equipped with small and
    medium arms using 4x4 vehicles and
    motorcycles to advance and maneuver
    around the checkpoint in order to flank and
    kill remaining soldiers, most of whom were
    injured as a result of the first phase.
    - The third phase was the exploitation of the
    location followed by looting of ammunition
    and weapons before withdrawal.



    In coordination with the previous three
    phases an additional group of militants was
    tasked with cutting off reinforcement by
    placing road side Improvised Explosive
    Devices (IEDs) and engaging with Quick
    Reaction Force (QRF) elements on the main
    supply route to the Karm al-Kawades
    checkpoint.
    This was the first attack of its kind in
    Northern Sinai, hence it is safe to presume
    that these tactics, their planning and
    preparation, were reliant on foreign
    expertise. It is also of note to point out that
    Egyptian forces were not expecting this type
    of attack and therefore were not adequately
    prepared. 29 Egyptian soldiers were
    martyred in this attack, and others injured.



    October 2014 is the effective date that
    terrorist operations transitioned from relative
    randomness to organized efforts which were
    thoroughly planned and appropriately
    prepared for in terms of weapons,
    equipment, and tactics.



    7
    Amount of weapons and explosives seized with
    terrorists involved in Karm al-Kawades attack



    In response to the attack the Armed Forces
    took serious steps towards further
    mobilization in the region and consolidation
    of its presence in areas affected by terrorist
    activity, based on a lengthy multi-stage plan.
    This plan included the deployment of
    additional forces and units from the 2nd
    Army to Northern Sinai and from the 3rd
    Army to Central Sinai.
    One likes to refer to this as the installation
    period, as several military checkpoints were
    set up to spread the forces' presence and
    control on the ground, while working in
    tandem with a network of other military
    checkpoints to deny the terrorists movement
    on main supply routes, secondary routes, and
    trails.
    During this period Northern Sinai witnessed
    several major operations which are outlined
    hereafter with relevant publicly available
    information.
    Attack on the Battalion 101
    Location: al-Dahiya Neighborhood al-Arish
    City
    Date: January 29, 2015
    Event: Attacks on the 101st Battalion, North
    Sinai Security Directorate, and Armed
    Forces Hotel
    The operation started at 06:45 by targeting
    the 101st Battalion and Armed Forces Hotel
    by mortar fire to facilitate the use of a
    SVBIED water tanker. The water tanker was
    rigged with several hundred kilograms of
    high explosive materials in addition to a
    large quantity of petroleum and metal
    fragments. The intended result was the
    creation of an explosion with an enormous
    amount of concussive force, fire, and
    shrapnel.
    The SVBIED penetrated the 101st
    Battalions camp gate and detonated causing



    a great deal of human and material loss.
    This detonation was followed by a second
    when a terrorist used a rigged micro-bus and
    explosive belt which compounded the losses.
    In coordination with the attack on the 101st
    and Hotel a third SVBIED targeted the
    nearby Security Directorate resulting in the
    death of several perimeter security guards
    and causing heavy damage to the site.
    The total amount of explosives used in the
    operation between three SVIEDs was in the
    range of 10 tons.
    More than 30 Egyptian soldiers and security
    forces were martyred in the attack while
    injuring more than 80 others.



    02/04 Attack
    Location: S h e i k h Z u w e i d C i t y -
    International Road al-Arish Rafah
    Date: April 2 , 2015
    Event: Attack on Abidat checkpoint and
    Qabr Emir checkpoint west of Sheikh
    Zuweid City
    At 04:00 three coordinated attacks took
    place across Rafah and Sheikh Zuweid.
    However, these were only meant as a
    distraction from the terrorists' main effort; an
    attack on the neighboring Abidat and Qabr
    Emir checkpoints. The Qabr Emir
    checkpoint was at the time fairly new, having
    been erected only 15 days prior to the attack.
    The relatively older Abidat checkpoint was
    situated 2-3 km away.
    The Abidat checkpoint attack:
    The checkpoint came under a ferocious
    attack by terrorist elements just after 4am.
    The attackers were numerically superior to
    the forces stationed there; 22 soldiers
    including one Officer (Lieutenant
    Mohammed Desouki) and one NCO. The
    8



    terrorists used four vehicles mounted with
    heavy machine guns and mortar teams.
    The checkpoint itself was split into several
    sectors across a relatively large area. The
    coordinated terrorist attack flanked the
    forces and attacked from all directions.
    A firefight ensued for more than an hour
    between the checkpoint forces and the
    attacking terrorists. Eventually the remaining
    terrorists and soldiers were engaged in close
    quarters as the attackers used the areas
    terrain to breach the checkpoint's perimeter.
    Eventually the attackers were able to breach
    inside the checkpoint, at which point the



    exchange turned into a game of cat and
    mouse. After a while the exchanges claimed
    the life of Lieutenant Mohamed Desouki,
    commander of the checkpoint, to a gun shot
    wound. The attack had martyred sixteen of
    the 22 soldiers stationed in the checkpoint,
    with the remaining six eventually retreating
    to a protective bunker for cover and to
    return fire.
    The remaining six returned fire from within
    the bunker but were low on ammunition,
    sharing only four magazines among them.
    The terrorists continued to attack the
    remaining six soldiers at one point even
    throwing two grenades into the bunker.
    9



    1. Location of Karm al-Kawades attack
    2. Qabr Emir checkpoint
    3. al-Abidat checkpoint
    4. al-Bawaba checkpoint
    5. Sheikh Zuweid Police Department



    6. Abu Tawila checkpoint
    7. Sidot checkpoint
    8. Abu Rifai checkpoint
    9. Sidra Abu al-Hagag checkpoint



    However, they were unable to cause further
    casualties. The soldiers continued to
    cautiously survey and shoot in order to
    preserve ammunition until they were
    reinforced.
    An important point is that the reinforcing
    Apache helicopters that were on scene to
    provide close air support were hit by terrorist
    heavy machine guns, which eventually forced
    them to return to base. Instead fast jets were
    deployed to engage with the terrorists and
    they were able to destroy a couple of their
    vehicles.
    The firefight with the checkpoint had killed
    20 terrorists not including those killed by
    subsequent air operations.
    The Qabr Emir checkpoint:
    The forces stationed at the checkpoint were
    able to repel the attacking terrorists causing
    several fatalities and casualties among them.
    Battle of Sheikh Zuweid
    Location: Sheikh Zuweid
    Date: July 1st, 2015
    Event: Large and coordinated attack on
    multiple checkpoints
    In the largest confrontation of the conflict,
    otherwise known as the battle of Sheikh
    Zuweid. On the first of July 2015 Sinai
    Province attempted a demonstration of force
    seeking to control the city.
    At 06:45 the first mortar shell exploded,
    targeting a military position in the village of
    al-Gorah, lead at the time by Lieutenant
    Colonel Haroun. The mortar bombardment
    continued using various calibers in order to
    suppress the position’s ability to provide
    artillery support to Sheikh Zuweid and
    Rafah, in total over 20 mortar rounds
    targeted the installation.



    At 07:00 coordinated SVBIED attacks were
    launched simultaneously targeting the
    perimeters of the Sidra Abu al-Hagag and
    Abu Rifai military positions. At the same
    time groups of militants targeted positions
    across Rafah and Sheikh Zuweid in order to
    pin a large number of troops in their
    positions, making it difficult for the Armed
    Forces to counter the main efforts in Sidra
    Abu al-Hagag and Abu Rifai.
    The following checkpoints were targeted
    throughout the day: al-Masora, Sidot, Waley
    Lafi, al-Wafaq, Abu Tawila, al-Daraib,



    Garada, al-Isaf, Qabr Emir, al-Abidat, al-
    Wahshy, al-Shalaq, al-Bawaba, Sheikh



    Zuweid Police Department and al-Kharuba.
    In parallel, groups of militants infiltrated
    S h e i k h Z u w e i d C i t y m o u n t e d o n
    motorcycles and 4x4 vehicles. They planted
    road side IEDs while moving through the



    city to disrupt any reinforcement from the al-
    Zohur military camp.



    Back in Abu Rifai and Sidra Abu al-Hagag,
    following the SVBIED attacks, fierce
    firefights erupted with dozens of militants
    using small to medium arms and mortar
    teams.
    The firefight moved in to just meters away
    from the perimeter of the checkpoints, with
    militants scaling rooftops to engage with
    10
    Vehicles used by the militants destroyed in the Battle



    of Sheikh Zuweid


    small arms alongside vehicles mounted with
    heavy machine guns in order to suppress the
    forces stationed there, in preparation for the
    advance of assaulting infantry. However, the
    forces halted a series of assaults and caused a
    large number of casualties among the
    militants.
    Fast jets and attack helicopters reinforcement
    provided close air support, targeting
    militants and their vehicles which
    compounded their losses, in addition to
    freeing the al-Gorah checkpoint which
    enabled it to conduct fire missions and use its
    artillery, adding to the militants casualty
    count as well.
    Sinai Province's losses on that day were
    estimated to be over 100 fighters from the
    300 that took part in the operation. In
    addition, they lost over 20 vehicles of various
    types. By the end of the Egyptian counter
    attack, that lasted several days, Sinai
    Province had lost 253 fighters in total.



    11


    MARTYR’S RIGHT OPERATIONS
    _____________________________________



    After the attack on Sheikh Zuweid (July 1st,
    2015) the Armed Forces began staging
    comprehensive military operations under the
    codename Martyr’s Right. It signaled the
    start of a new strategy in Northern Sinai.
    The operations were undertaken in phases,
    each with its own set of goals.
    What differentiates Martyr’s Right from
    previous operations is the number and
    composition of forces involved in continuous
    offensive action over substantial periods of
    time. Each stage would include the
    establishment of new checkpoints and
    military positions to deny militants free
    movement and to divide the area of
    operations into small boxes which could be
    easily monitored and handled.



    Martyr’s Right 1
    The first phase of Martyrs Right was
    launched at dawn on the 7th of September
    and lasted for 14 days across the cities of
    Rafah, Sheikh Zuweid, and al-Arich.
    Forces targeted several villages associated
    with terrorist activity on the outskirts of
    Sheikh Zuweid and Rafah, the most



    prominent of which were al-Gorah, al-
    Zawara, al-Mokatea, al-Fitat, al-Mahdya,



    Naga Shabana, Sidot, al-Masora and al-
    Mawosin.



    In this campaign, the Forces established a
    series of military checkpoints south of



    Rafah, on the road between the village of al-
    Masora and the entrance of Rafah and al-
    Gorah village south of Sheikh Zuweid,



    passing through al-Mahdya village south of
    Rafah. This new series of checkpoints were
    named ‘Easar’ and aimed to monitor and
    deny movement to takfiri elements.
    At the end of the first phase of operations,
    the Armed Forces invited media to visit the
    city of al-Arich and hosted them at the 101st
    Battalion's HQ. They were briefed on the
    goals of Martyrs Right, what was achieved,
    and what was confiscated.



    Martyr’s Right 2
    They were also informed that the second
    phase of Martyrs Right had been launched
    as a follow up to the first phase. It aimed to
    deal preemptive blows to militants planning
    attacks on military positions and to
    consolidate the gains made during the first
    phase of operations.
    In March of 2016 a series of coordinated
    raids were launched by elements from the
    2nd and 3rd Armies targeting areas far south



    of Sheikh Zuweid (al-Gorah, Sahara al-
    Gamei, Kilo 17, Kilo 21, and al-Bers).



    - The raids identified and destroyed several
    hideouts used to provide logistic support to
    terrorists, including the provision of rations,
    fuel, and material used in the construction of
    IEDs.
    - During the operation a group of militants
    were spotted at the Kilo 21 point, preparing
    to attack a military position in the area.
    12 Refer to the map p. 17



    However, a series of Air Force strikes foiled
    their plans and lead to the death of several
    of their fighters and the destruction of
    several vehicles.
    - The ground and air campaign launched by
    the Armed Forces also allowed 17 hostages
    held by Sinai Province to escape.
    The second phase of Martyrs Right also
    included several special operations
    targeting Sinai Province leadership.
    - Mohamed Nasser Abu Shahwan was
    killed in an air strike. He was the leader of



    Sinai Province in Abu Tawila, al-Akour, al-
    Shahawin, and al-Sidra.



    - Towards the end of March forces from
    the 3rd Army were able to neutralize
    Mohamed Nasser Madan (Abu Madan).
    Forces raided his hideout in Wadi al-Lesan,
    Central Sinai. Upon arrival the forces
    engaged with militants attempting to cover
    Abu Madan’s escape. The target
    temporarily evaded the military by fleeing
    in a vehicle but after dealing with his
    protection team the forces pursued and
    neutralized him.
    - In April forces from the 3rd Army
    successfully neutralized Maher Mohammed
    Ali Salem in the village of Khariza, Central
    Sinai.
    - Forces from the 3rd Army were also
    successful in neutralizing Ali Atallah Salama
    and Ramadan Salama Ratima, aides to the
    infamous Sinai Province leader Mohamed
    Moussa Mohsen who was killed shortly after
    in an air strike targeting a cave in the
    mountainous Wadi al-Lesan in Central
    Sinai, after lengthy operations to track him.
    - Near the end of the second phase of the
    operation the Armed Forces dealt perhaps
    the largest blow at the time to Sinai
    Province. A large congregation of militants



    were monitored south of al-Arich, which
    lead to a series of air strikes that successfully
    destroyed an ammunition dump, eliminated
    45 militants, and more importantly killed the
    Emir of Sinai Province Abu Dua al-Ansari
    and several of his aides.



    Martyr’s Right 3
    The third phase of Martyr’s Right began in
    October 2016 and was the longest of the
    three offensives, lasting over a month.
    The third phase began with a series of
    extensive patrols south of Rafah (al-Wafaq,
    13
    Locations of the airstrikes that lead to the death of Abu Du’a



    al-Ansari south al-Arich


    al-Hasainat, al-Ersal, Yamit, al-Balaa, and
    Goz Ghanem), and the construction of new
    permanent positions in those areas.
    As operations South of Rafah came to an
    end the Armed Forces moved towards the
    Southwest of Sheikh Zuweid, beginning by
    the Tarabin neighborhood and then moving
    on to Sidra Abu al-Hagag, Abu al-Arag, and
    finally al-Toma, where forces where able to
    target several militant cells and destroy
    several vehicles.



    Three new military positions were


    established on the supply routes between al-
    Toma and the Tarabin neighborhood on the



    outskirts of Sheikh Zuweid, with the aim of
    preventing militants from infiltrating the city.
    The series of positions were named ‘Rami’
    in honor of Colonel Rami Hasenen who fell
    martyred in action in the Sinai.
    Another series of raids followed, targeting



    areas southeast of Sheikh Zuweid (al-
    Mokatea, al-Mahdya, and al-Akour). More



    positions were established on the strategic al-
    Sawalha Hill near al-Akour to track and



    monitor militant movement.
    Combined results of Martyrs Right:
    - Killing of 500 terrorists
    - Destruction of 250 targets (hideouts,
    staging areas, ammunition dumps, IED
    factories, logistic stores)



    - Destruction of 130 different vehicles


    Clearing Gabal (mountain) al-
    Halal



    Terrain: The mountain stretches across
    60kms from east to west with a depth of
    20km and an altitude of 1700m. It is littered
    with caves and mountain paths, making it a
    perfect safe haven for militants as well as
    criminal elements.
    The operation to clear the mountain was
    split into three stages. The first was a
    coordinated intelligence gathering process
    in cooperation with local residents and
    Bedouin tribes.
    The second was the siege of the mountain
    after intelligence identified all paths in or
    out of the area. Supply routes in a
    perimeter extending 3-5km around the
    mountain were also heavily monitored.
    The third phase was launched upon
    confirmation that militants taking refuge in
    the area were logistically depleted. In order
    to achieve the best results, the assault defined
    separate areas of responsibility with forces
    tasked to search and clear each of them.
    The operation lead to the killing of 18
    militants and the arrest of 32 others.
    29 motorcycles were seized, some of which
    rigged with improvised explosives, in
    addition to several caches of high explosives,
    IED manufacturing material, and various
    arms.



    Martyr’s Right 4
    On July 13th, 2017, Intel was received that
    20 takfiri terrorists were holding a meeting in
    a building in al-Balaa village, west of Rafah
    14



    Vehicle used by terrorist with a 14.5mm machine gun
    destroyed during Martyr’s Right 3



    city, not far from Dwar Selim district. The
    Egyptian Air Force immediately launched a
    precision strike targeting the meeting
    location. All takfiri elements in the premises,
    including a number of commanders, were
    killed on the spot.
    The fourth stage of Martyr’s Right was
    launched on July 7th, 2017 upon reception
    of intel on the locations of terrorist elements,
    in remote areas south east of al-Arish city,
    and south west of Sheikh Zuweid city.
    This stage started with precision airstrikes
    targeting multiple terrorist hideouts, meeting
    points, and operational launching points.
    The strikes were followed by a land
    campaign aimed at sweeping the thick



    vegetation cover south of al-Arish city, used
    by the terrorists to hide away from the
    Armed Forces.
    The land campaign was both the largest and
    longest, lasting over 14 days, during which
    the military successfully disrupted the
    communication and logistics network of
    takfiris, locating and destroying over 76
    terrorists hideout facilities, used as living
    quarters and equipped with logistical
    equipment, including communication
    equipment, first aid kits, explosives, and
    ammunition. The Armed Forces destroyed
    over 100 improvised explosive devices (IED)
    as well as 11 workshops used to manufacture
    these IEDs.



    15


    Sheikh Zuweid - al-Gorah: ‘Zelzal’ checkpoints
    al-Gorah - Rafah: ‘Easar’ checkpoints
    Rafah - al-Arich International Road: ‘Nimr’ checkpoints
    al-Toma - Sheikh Zuweid: ‘Rami’ checkpoints



    A large number of weapons, ammunition,
    and medical equipment have been seized as
    well as a number of media centers, equipped
    with laptops, video cameras, and other
    media equipment.
    During these operations, the Armed Forces
    managed to eliminate 40 terrorists and
    destroy 20 different types of vehicles, 4
    motorcycles and 7 car bombs.
    Simultaneously, the Armed Forces succeeded
    in thwarting a terrorist counter attack by
    remotely destroying an approaching
    SVBIED south of al-Zohur district, then
    eliminating terrorist elements awaiting to
    launch an infantry attack after the explosion
    of the SVBIED.
    On August, 21st, 2017, a second land
    campaign was launched in the localities west
    of Rafah City, including: Yamit, al-Balaa,
    East of al-Matla, North of Sidot, Al



    Masoura, Ghoz Ghanem, Salah al-Din, al-
    Ahrash, al-Hasainat.



    The military established a new series of
    checkpoints on all roads and paths out of the
    area, to fully encircle terrorists and facilitate
    monitoring, tracking, and targeting their
    elements, to prevent any attempt to flee the
    operation field through the surrounding
    thick vegetation.
    On August 23rd, 2017, a third land
    campaign was launched. It targeted districts
    and villages south of Rafah City, including:
    al-Tayrah, Abu Helw, Goz Abu Raad, Naga
    Sheibana, and outskirts of Mahdya village.
    As well as the Southern district of Sheikh
    Zuweid city.



    The Army evacuated civilians from al-
    Tayrah village to minimize any risk of



    collateral damage due to the military
    campaign and engagement with the
    terrorists. The evacuation made possible a
    door to door sweep operation of the village.



    Simultaneously, the Army established a ring


    of security checkpoints surrounding al-
    Tayrah village, and Naga Sheibana, to fully



    choke the terrorists therein, and foil any
    attempts of their escape.
    During these last two campaigns, the Army
    was able to :
    - Neutralize twenty one (21) Takfiri terrorists
    - Destroy eleven (11) vehicles of various
    types
    - Discover and destroy three (3) Weapons
    and ammunition warehouses
    - Destroy over three hundred fifty (350)
    explosive devices
    - Destroy several terrorist surveillance and
    hideout posts
    Notably, one of the 21 terrorists neutralized
    was a prominent commander, namely,
    Awdah al-Hamadein, and his aids.



    16
    Workshop used to manufacture IEDs discovered during



    Martyr’s Right 4


    17


    Map of the villages in Sheikh
    Zuweid and Rafah



    Conclusion


    The terrorist activity in North Sinai has gone through various dynamics in recent years in
    terms of strategy, attack organisations and even equipment. The launch of Martyr’s Right
    campaign in 2015 marked a break in the war on terrorism in the Sinai Peninsula, with a
    complete shift in the nature of operations undertaken either by the military or the militants.
    Upon completion of this campaign, the Sinai Province faced constant pressure on its supply
    routes and logistical support, as well as regular elimination of its leadership, and therefore
    had to adapt. In 2016, despite their diversity and increasing numbers, terrorist attacks used
    mainly IEDs and sniping, in an attempt to inflict heavy casualties within the security forces,
    in contrast with more coordinated attacks on military checkpoints in 2014 and until the
    Battle of Sheikh Zuweid on July 1st, 2015. The increase in number of these attacks during
    2016 can be correlated with the multiplicity and longevity of counter-terrorism operations
    aimed at paralyzing the movement of militants in the region. This correlation was
    misperceived by many as a failure of Egyptian efforts in the war on terror. However, it must
    be looked at from a different angle. The complexity of the situation on the ground and the
    existence of several areas of operation with different strategic stakes and objectives led to the
    lack of proper, evidence-based analysis. In fact, a poor knowledge of the geographical
    distribution of villages and checkpoints, as well as a constant generalization of military
    activities should be pinpointed as the reason behind this misreading.
    Cooperation between the Armed Forces and Bedouins is another important factor to be
    taken into account, even though it has not been mentioned in this report. Neglected in the
    classical analysis of the conflict, this discreet cooperation was highlighted in 2015 by



    dominant tribal figures such as the businessmen Ibrahim al-Argawi or Moussa al-Dalah al-
    Tarabini with the aim of upscaling coordination between tribal forces and the government



    in the war on terror. As a result, in the past two years, the Armed Forces and security
    agencies have been able to build a true network of informants called ‘manadib’, enabling
    effective intelligence-gathering in the areas of Rafah, Sheikh Zuweid and al-Arich. Today,
    no terrorist infiltration can be carried out in the cities of Sheikh Zuweid and Rafah without
    the knowledge of the security forces. This volunteer-based network has repeatedly thwarted
    terrorist attacks prior to their execution. Sinai Province’s response was the assassination of
    nearly 300 civilians according to a press release of the group in 2016, and constant threats
    followed by executions against civilians. The mere concern of the terrorist group with
    Bedouins collaborating with the armed forces is a proof of the scale and effectiveness of
    coordination between civilians and security forces in northern Sinai.
    The first half of 2017 revealed Sinai Province’s decline with a fall in number of attacks in
    the Northern of the Peninsula, media coverage disturbed following the confiscation of a
    considerable number of cameras, laptops during the last operations. To avoid an imprecise
    reading of the situation, here’s a number of villages that used to witness intensified terrorist
    activity in the past but, following recent military operations, became out of reach of the
    Sinai Province with no attacks reported in the past 10 months: Abu Tawila, al-Tarabin
    Neighborhood, Dwar Najd, al-Gorah, Abu Rifai, al-Abidat, Qabr Emir, Karm al-Kawades,
    al-Kharouba, Sheikh Zuweid and Rafah Cities.



    18


    Moreover, the strengthening of security cooperation between Egyptian authorities and
    Hamas has allowed an increasingly effective control at the border, and in particular of the
    smuggling tunnels leading into Rafah that have served as a main supply route and shelter for
    the militants over the past years. This reconciliation, which could not be expected by any
    analysts a year ago, has indeed culminated in the establishment of a buffer zone in Gaza
    along the Egyptian border, with the aim of monitoring the borders and preventing
    infiltration and smuggling into the Sinai, from the Palestinian side.
    Meanwhile, in order to adapt to the new situation, Sinai Province was forced to adopt new
    dynamics. The recent attacks at al-Bers and Bir al-Abd were conducted in areas with no
    relevant security presence, having experienced very little to no terrorist activity in the past.
    These two attacks were evidently due to the fact that militants could no longer carry out



    such operations in their original area of activity, which is the triangle Sheikh Zuweid - al-
    Gorah and Rafah.



    Although terrorist activity is sharply declining, military operations are far from over, and
    further confrontations are expected in the future with the adoption of new methods and
    strategies.





     
    آخر تعديل بواسطة المشرف: ‏24 سبتمبر 2017
    daktarahh ،Zaky ،ashraf mutwakel و 3آخرون معجبون بهذا.
  2. Ahmedelagroudy

    Ahmedelagroudy Well-Known Member

    قريتة بالكامل تقرير فوق الممتاز واحترافي فعلا والشباب دول انا متابعهم ع تويتر وبيعملو دور جيدا جدا في توصيل المعلومات دي للعالم
     
    أعجب بهذه المشاركة ashraf mutwakel
  3. ashraf mutwakel

    ashraf mutwakel Well-Known Member

    تقرير اكثر من ممتاز ومجهود رائع من المسئولون عن هذا التقرير والاهم ايضا انه مترجم الى اللغة الانجليزية وادعو جميع الاعضاء الى الاطلاع على هذا التقرير الاكثر من ممتاز والذي يسرد العمليات التي حدثت ودور جيشنا العظيم للتصدي لهذه العناصر الارهابية
     

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