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مرحباً بك إلى المنتدى العربي للعلوم العسكرية!

إذا كنت مهتم بالعلوم و الأخبار العسكرية ، فضلاً قم بالإنضمام إلى الموقع لتعم الفائدة.

Egy-k-52

بالتفاصيل والصور مقارنة وتوضيح الفروق بين الفرقاطة متعددة المهام الفريم الفرنسية والايطالية

المشاركات الموصى بها

The FREMM European multi-mission frigate is a joint programme between France and Italy. It will build 21 FREMM frigates for the French Navy and the Italian Navy. The frigates are 140m in overall length and 20m wide with displacement of 6,000t. The ship’s complement is 108 officers and crew. The prime contractors for the FREMM programme are Armaris of France and Orizzonte Sistemi Navali of Italy.

 

Armaris was a joint subsidiary of DCN and Thales and is now wholly-owned by DCNS. The Italian Orizzonte Sistemi Navali is a joint venture between Fincantieri and Finmeccanica.

 

imageproxy.png.378724851ba7b59be858ff3c744a19a7.png

 

Both Amaris and Orizzonte play major roles in the system specification and development of the main subsystems and the combat system.

 

In April 2007, DCN became DCNS. This followed an agreement where Thales became a 25% shareholder in the new company and DCN acquired the naval business of Thales France (excluding naval equipment).

 

 

aaeaaqaaaaaaaajsaaaajgjkzjjintfllthiytitngu3zc04ztjiltllyzc0nzm1mjq3na.png?w=625&key=7709b19e80b5f269f75d43c525ecad550862a6f0fd92e69f60326e49b640f6f2

 

 

Development and design features of the frigates

 

 

 

 

 

 

The lead ship of the class, Aquitaine, was commissioned in November 2012 by the French Navy. In France the class is known as the Aquitaine class, while in Italy they are known as the Bergamini class. Italy has ordered six general purpose variants and four anti-submarine variants; the last two Italian general purpose FREMMs will have anti-aircraft warfare, anti-ballistic missile and surface attack capabilities. Source wikiwand.com

 

be1b563a0656b60c4911d4bf46937363.jpg?w=670%26h=670&key=f85f36c9f3f30cac7594e911152093b6d6b0df0922f5b1ea798f865a1a3ad69e

 

In November 2005, the organisation conjointe de cooperation en matière d’armement (OCCAR) awarded French companies DCN and Thales and Italian companies Fincantieri and Finmeccanica the first FREMM development and build contracts.

 

The first contract covers the design build and support of the first six anti-submarine warfare frigates and two land attack frigates for the French Navy. Three more frigates were ordered by the French Government in October 2009.

 

 

aquitaine5.jpg?w=625&key=887998cb04121acba84354ca821a3019982272fb83f45b01ab07074ae9b10d03

 

 

Aquitaine class

 

 

 

Image: navalanalyses.blogspot.com

 

 

Deliveries were originally scheduled for a five-year period from 2011 to 2016. The first delivery was made in 2012. The first of class vessel is called the Aquitaine, the second Normandie.

 

Construction of Aquitaine began in March 2007 and was launched in April 2010. Aquitaine began sea trials in April 2011 and was delivered to the French Navy in November 2012.

 

The first steel was cut for Normandie in October 2009 and was officially launched on 18 October 2012.

 

 

Aquitaine (650)

 

 

 

1295174.jpg?w=625&key=2176d322791c1184a7cbe9e921b31a528c85ef10a09da2df2e71e8d12640536e

 

 

Country of origin

 

 

France

 

 

Entered service

 

 

2012

 

 

Crew

 

 

145 men

 

 

Sea endurance

 

 

?

 

 

Dimensions and displacement

 

 

Length

 

 

142.2 m

 

 

Beam

 

 

20 m

 

 

Draught

 

 

5 m

 

 

Displacement, standard

 

 

?

 

 

Displacement, full load

 

 

6 000 tons

 

 

Propulsion and speed

 

 

Speed

 

 

28 knots

 

 

Range

 

 

11 100 km at 15 knots

 

 

Propulsion

 

 

CODLOG propulsion with two electric motors (5MW combined and a single gas turbine (42 900 shp)

 

 

Airwing

 

 

Helicopters

 

 

1 x NH90 NFH

 

 

Armament

 

 

Artillery

 

 

1 x 76-mm dual-purpose gun, 3 x 20-mm cannons

 

 

Missiles

 

 

16 x Aster 15 SAM missiles, 16 x SCALP Naval land attack cruise missiles, 8 x MM.40 Exocet anti-ship missiles

 

 

Torpedoes

 

 

2 x twin 324-mm tubes for MU90 lightweight torpedoes

 

Specification military-today.com

 

 

Ships for the French Navy

 

 

 

Name

 

 

Laid down

 

 

Launched

 

 

Commissioned

 

 

Status

 

 

Aquitaine (650)

 

 

2007

 

 

2010

 

 

2012

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Provence (652)

 

 

2010

 

 

2013

 

 

2015

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Languedoc (653)

 

 

2011

 

 

2014

 

 

2016

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Auvergne (654)

 

 

2012

 

 

2015

 

 

expected in 2017

 

 

under construction

 

 

Bretagne (655)

 

 

2013

 

 

?

 

 

expected in 2018

 

 

under construction

 

 

Normandie

 

 

?

 

 

?

 

 

expected in 2019

 

 

ordered

 

 

Alsace

 

 

?

 

 

?

 

 

expected in 2021

 

 

ordered

 

 

Lorraine

 

 

?

 

 

?

 

 

expected in 2022

 

 

ordered

 

 

 

Normandie (651) sold to Eygpt

 

 

 

fremm_normandie_frigate_egypt_marine_nationale_1_zpsbf0a6c2c.jpg?w=687%26h=456&key=495c3ea055e97fd5b7451e600998f7d12fccf25590713828946a130aad81b068Normandie (651) – Image: The Fifth Column

 

 

The sale by DCNS of the multi-mission (FREMM) frigate to Egypt has now been finalized. In response to the request from Egypt, the sale transaction was set up in a very short time, which is not compatible with the usual procedures that govern the launch of the construction of a new vessel.

 

The only solution allowing on-time delivery is to hand over to Egypt one of the FREMM originally intended for the French navy, which is currently fitting out at DCNS’s Lorient shipyard: the frigate “Normandie.”

 

In practical terms, the sale of the ship to Egypt will have a strong impact on the French navy, and will require a complete reshuffling of the crews of the FREMM frigates “Normandie” and “Provence,” which both are nearing the end of their user trials.

 

Specifically, once the contract is signed (It now has been signed—Ed.), the current crew of “Normandie” will transfer to “Provence,” which will be home-ported in Brest. There, it will work up its anti-submarine warfare capabilities on the Atlantic coast, as originally planned. The current crew of “Provence” will be reallocated to another FREMM frigate, “Languedoc,” which is currently being completed by DCNS, for fitting out. Source defense-aerospace.com

 

 

2216812.jpg?w=625&key=63bfff3090becbb7f98570d5589e23ff4d657b56987b9191b82f0ce08fe684abFS Provence D652 – Image: shipspotting.com

 

 

DCNS started construction of the third vessel of the class, Provence, in December 2010. The frigate was launched in September 2013 and began sea trials in October 2014. It was delivered to the French Navy in June 2015. Construction of the fourth frigate, Languedoc, started in September 2011 and launch took place in July 2014. The frigate was delivered to the French Navy in March 2016. Auvergne, the fifth of the class, was laid down in August 2012. The frigate was launched in September 2015.

 

 

20160317013637_languedoc-rade-2016-03-15-068-copie.jpg?w=625&key=f5abce66ca3a83654b8eadbc5ec46deef29531cb81c944c3c03fe291d76c4d11Languedoc (653)

 

 

 

The fourth French ASW FREMM frigate “Auvergne” starts sea trials and the fifth French FREMM “Bretagne” was launched:Here

 

 

 

27_dcns-fremm-auvergne-2016-4.jpg?w=663%26h=441&key=7c90988862808e538a7e94e7d31ca6a66c96bd0b5acb89023c14ba2d6364106dAuvergne (654) – Image: occar.int

 

 

 

Excerpt

 

 

On 26th September 2016, the fourth of class French Navy’s ASM (Anti-Submarine Warfare) FREMM multi-mission frigate “Auvergne” successfully completed its first sea going in Lorient.

 

During this first trial at sea, which involves industrial teams led by DCNS, the French Navy crew, the French defence procurement agency (DGA) and OCCAR FREMM Programme Division, the main objective is to test the performance of the frigate’s propulsion and navigation system.

 

 

DCNS handed over fourth FREMM frigate to French Navy: Here

 

 

 

ccfa1-maxresdefault2b252812529.jpg?w=625&key=f2b6f00b001fbaac2fbc6c5fa7622811a09e3cfd8161b46df7c52040236dfb0eAuvergne (654)

 

 

 

Excerpt

 

 

French shipbuilder DCNS handed over the fourth Aquitaine-class FREMM (Frégate Européenne Multi-Mission) frigate to the French Navy on 11 April.

 

Auvergne is one of six ships in France’s planned eight-ship FREMM programme being configured for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) operations. It follows sister ship Languedoc , which was delivered on 16 March 2016, lead ship Aquitaine , which was delivered in November 2012, and Provence , which was delivered in June 2015. The two remaining ASW variants – Bretagne and Normandie – are scheduled for delivery in 2018 and 2019 respectively.

 

 

DCNS Floats a New FREMM Frigate: Here

 

 

 

bretagne-2.jpg?w=625&key=7210c0053991344a9670ba019feb889cc786f6cc61d33340206045746221c672Bretagne (655) – Image: dcnsgroup.com

 

 

 

Excerpt

 

 

On 16 September 2016, DCNS floated the FREMM multi-mission frigate Bretagne in Lorient, France. The achievement of this industrial milestone marks an important step in the construction of the vessel. It once again underlines the dynamism of DCNS and its capacity to deliver six FREMM frigates to the French Navy before mid-2019, in accordance with the Military Programming Law 2014-2019.

 

The Ministry of Defence of the Arab Republic of Egypt placed an order with DCNS for a FREMM frigate, Tahya Misr in February 2015. The frigate was delivered to the Egyptian Navy in June 2015.

 

 

Ships for the Egyptian Navy

 

 

On 16 February 2015, The Egyptian Navy ordered one FREMM vessel to enter service before the opening of the New Suez Canal, as part of a larger deal (including 24 Rafales and a supply of missiles) worth US$5.9 billion (€5.2 billion). In order to keep to Egypt’s deadlines, France offered to send Normandie, originally intended for the French Navy. The SYLVER A70, jamming equipment and satellite communications have been removed, and the crew will be 126 in Egyptian service compared to 108 as a French ship. From March 2015, DCNS trained the Egyptian crew in the technology of the ship and DCNS and its partners accompanied the crew for a period of 15 months. On 23 June 2015, French naval shipbuilder DCNS transferred the FREMM frigate Tahya Misr ( ex-Normandie) to the Egyptian navy. Source wikiwand.com

 

C6uzQqJXAAI_sKO.thumb.jpg.f291fa56ab5499e2e20fba33aaf5de03.jpg

 

 

fremm-frigate-tahya-misr-egypt.jpg?w=625&key=b15370824a54d902e9d3cfdf9cfc7e547b0306a9c65c4d848e97bfd8d9795646Tahya Misr (1001) – Image: defencetalk.com

 

 

 

Name

 

 

Laid down

 

 

Launched

 

 

Commissioned

 

 

Status

 

 

Tahya Misr (1001)

 

 

2009

 

 

2012

 

 

2016

 

 

active, in service

 

 

In May 2006, OCCAR awarded the contract for the first two Italian FREMM frigates. Italy ordered a second batch of four submarines in February 2008, with designated three of these for anti-submarine warfare (ASW). The last batch of two was ordered in April 2015.

 

The first Italian frigate was launched in July 2011 and delivered in May 2013. Deliveries are expected to conclude in 2021. The first of the class is called Carlo Bergamini, the second is Virginio Fasan and third Carlo is Margottini. Virginio Fasan was launched in March 2012 and delivered in December 2013. The fourth ship, Carabiniere was delivered in April 2015.

 

The fifth frigate, Alpino, was launched in December 2014 and the sixth, Rizzo, was launched in December 2015, while the seventh frigate is under construction. First steel was cut for the eighth FREMM frigate in February 2015 and the vessel is scheduled to be delivered in early 2019.

 

In October 2007, DCNS announced an agreement has been signed with the Royal Moroccan Navy for supply of one FREMM frigate, the first export order for the vessel.

 

 

Ships for the Moroccan Navy

 

 

 

2010850.jpg?w=625&key=693d731c41697a25195cea64d1a5a106ae1a2cb893345373b6284c214ed30f41Mohammed VI (701) – Image: shipspotting.com

 

 

 

Name

 

 

Laid down

 

 

Launched

 

 

Commissioned

 

 

Status

 

 

Mohammed VI (701)

 

 

2008

 

 

2011

 

 

2014

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Construction of a FREMM frigate for Royal Moroccan Navy began in 2008. Named Mohammed VI, the frigate was launched in September 2011 and began sea trials in April 2013. It was delivered in January 2014.

 

The frigate’s layout has been designed to provide sufficient size for operational effectiveness, maintainability and sustained upgrades. The layout incorporates increased headroom between decks, deeper and longer engine compartments and larger equipment pathways for access and maintenance.

 

 

mohammed-vi.jpg?w=625&key=594bb57e9fb6d657b98e6ff39a347d3d2afbd6186bbd158997b711286a7bc4d1Click to enlarge: Modified photo of Mohammed VI class frigate. Photo: Michel Floch

In high resolution here. – Image: navalanalyses.blogspot.com

 

 

For quayside maintenance, the frigate is fitted with an aft side door for loading and unloading equipment, load handling equipment and a wide lower deck passage way. Consoles on the integrated bridge are for all main platform functions, including navigation, steering and communications.

 

The bridge also allows operators to manage and control all platform systems, to monitor safety and security and to coordinate other operations.

 

 

Italian FREMM frigate specifics

 

 

fremm-carlo-bergamini-delivered.jpg?w=653%26h=456&key=40ad618056d05b9e52bc184ad02d1a80eda00d4dd398b3f10e83f0def8bf6435

 

The Italian frigates are armed with the SAAM Aster 15 missile system for air-defence capability and also Teseo Mk2 (export version: Otomat Mk2) sea-skimming anti-ship missiles, both supplied by MBDA.

 

Teseo Mk2 uses command updated inertial guidance and has a range of up to 55km. Two DCNS Sylver A43 vertical launch systems are fitted to each ship.

 

Frigates are equipped with MBDA’s Milas all-weather anti-submarine warfare weapon system. Milas, a derivative of Otomat Mk2, carries and releases a lightweight torpedo, such as an MU-90, close to the designated hostile submarine. The submarine’s position is indicated by the ship’s sonar or by other assets, such as an ASW helicopter or maritime patrol aircraft.

 

The vessel’s sonar suite includes Thales Type 4110 hull-mounted sonar. The three anti-submarine warfare vessels are also equipped with Thales Type 4929 active very-low-frequency towed array sonars.

 

The EMPAR G-band multifunction phased array radar from Selex Sistemi Integrati is the fire control radar for the missile systems. The vessel’s infra-red search and track (IRST) system is the Galileo Avionica SASS (silent acquisition surveillance system).

 

 

Carlo Bergamini (F590)

 

 

 

bergamini-1751a.jpg?w=625&key=1c4fd16c9f1cfa9efdbda3b8f59322d653c79eb92618fa30b751ad0ef034aee6Carlo Bergamini (F590) – Image: Associazione Navimodellisti Bolognesi

 

 

 

Country of origin

 

 

Italy

 

 

Entered service

 

 

2013

 

 

Crew (general purpose variant)

 

 

199 men

 

 

Crew (ASW variant)

 

 

201 men

 

 

Sea endurance

 

 

?

 

 

Dimensions and displacement

 

 

Length

 

 

144.6 m

 

 

Beam

 

 

19.7 m

 

 

Draught

 

 

8.7 m

 

 

Displacement, standard

 

 

?

 

 

Displacement, full load

 

 

6 900 tons

 

 

Propulsion and speed

 

 

Speed

 

 

29 knots

 

 

Range

 

 

12 300 km at 15 knots

 

 

Propulsion

 

 

CODLAG propulsion with single gas turbine (42 900 shp), 2 x electric motors (2.5 MW) and 4 diesel generators

 

 

Airwing

 

 

Helicopters

 

 

2 x NH90 or AW101

 

 

Armament

 

 

Artillery (general purpose variant)

 

 

1 x 127 mm, 1 x 76 mm

 

 

Artillery (ASW variant)

 

 

2 x 76 mm

 

 

Missiles

 

 

16-cell VLS for Aster-15 and Aster-30 air defense missiles, 4 x OTOMAT anti-ship missiles (GP variant), 4 x MILAS anti-submarine missiles (ASW variant)

 

 

Torpedoes

 

 

2 x tripple launchers for MU90 lightweight torpedoes

 

Specification military-today.com

 

 

Bergamini class (FREMM) frigates: Details

 

 

 

Ships for the Italian Navy

 

 

 

Name

 

 

Laid down

 

 

Launched

 

 

Commissioned

 

 

Status

 

 

Carlo Bergamini (F590)

 

 

2008

 

 

2011

 

 

2013

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Virginio Fasan (F591)

 

 

2009

 

 

2012

 

 

2013

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Carlo Margottini (F592)

 

 

2010

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Carabiniere (F593)

 

 

2011

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

active, in service

 

 

Alpino (F594)

 

 

2012

 

 

2014

 

 

excepted in 2016

 

 

sea trials

 

 

Luigi Rizzo (F595)

 

 

2013

 

 

2015

 

 

expected in 2017

 

 

under construction

 

 

Federico Martinengo (F596)

 

 

2014

 

 

expected in 2017

 

 

expected in 2018

 

 

under construction

 

 

Antonio Marceglia (F597)

 

 

2015

 

 

expected in 2018

 

 

expected in 2019

 

 

under construction

 

 

Spartaco Schergat (F598)

 

 

expected in 2017

 

 

expected in 2019

 

 

expected in 2020

 

 

ordered

 

 

Emilio Bianchi (F599)

 

 

expected in 2018

 

 

expected in 2020

 

 

expected in 2021

 

 

ordered

 

 

 

French FREMM frigate details

 

 

fremm-1.jpg?w=670%26h=460&key=495bccd30c78ca98347f92b060918f726a2e4b6868d71b276010303fa6da0ebe

 

The French frigates are being built in two mission versions, the land attack (action vers la terre or AVT) version that are being fitted with torpedoes and vertically launched self-defence and cruise missiles and an anti-submarine warfare ASW version, fitted with torpedoes, vertical launch self-defence missiles and an active towed array sonar.

 

 

Sonar CAPTAS 4

 

 

thalescaptas-4_compact.jpg?w=625&key=4a781f6f6d833e63c6340f313146760b9b6f2a4aa944a73d6d43168d376aee40

 

The Combined Active and Passive Towed Array Sonar (CAPTAS) is a family of long-range, Low Frequency Active Sonar (LFAS) systems developed by Thales Underwater Systems to support surface ship’s anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability. The CAPTAS towed Variable Depth Sonar (VDS) is well suited for detection of modern diesel-powered submarines in the littoral, deep and shallow water environments. Its range of performance levels, defined by the power of acoustic transmission and the gain of the receiver subsystem, enables integration onto a wide range of surface ships such as corvettes, frigates and/or destroyers. CAPTAS family also features a faired tow cable for optimum Towed Body (TB) depth control, COTS processing architecture and port-starboard non ambiguous discrimination on receive array.

 

 

 

 

20160317010939_l11.jpg?w=309%26h=205%26crop%26ssl=1&key=4e8e5515c24fc92a788f5da6e24c5355025f58cedd0133bba7c47998aab4bea1

 

 

20160317010938_l12.jpg?w=308%26h=205%26crop%26ssl=1&key=772f1def1718c04b2163b3d4bb214397d55ed493ea1c38a78cdd94cb653d85dc

 

 

 

 

 

20160317010937_l13.jpg?w=625&key=00e672471f7790230f46fe304e7036f132dad1435afda80848242dd1113a84f7The Captas 4 (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The CAPTAS 4 Compact is a smaller version of the CAPTAS 4 towed array sonar especially well suited to provide anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities onboard medium-size frigates. The new sonar system is 20-percent lighter and 50-percent smaller than its parent system making possible to move the sensor package from ship to ship. Source deagel.com

 

 

Sensors, command and control

 

 

 

20160317010945_l5.jpg?w=625&key=04b182a71bfe8cda3f9f706b4cc13da7fd714a9157b32263c943b63b3c9c1115Languedoc (653) (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

Thales is responsible for development and supply of the French FREMM surveillance and communications suites.

 

Systems will include Thales Artemis infra-red search-and-track (IRST) system and the Herakles 3D S-band multifunction surveillance and fire control radar for the frigates’ anti-air weapons systems.

 

 

Herakles 3D S-band radar

 

 

 

freda_air_defense_fremm_dcns_french_navy_herakles-1.jpg?w=625&key=9ef014b10eab48187c8a9a580397b26fa822ff25ba7315c8242dbfb88ad2d69fThales’ Herakles S-band multifunction radar. Illustration: Thales

 

 

Thales Herakles is a rotating 3D multifunction radar (phased array) in the E/F-band (S-band) combining surveillance and fire control radar and thus performing all functions involved in the establishment of air and surface pictures. Herakles performs target detection and tracking, target classification, weapon assignment and deployment and missile uplink guidance. Herakles is optimized to detect and track multiple SSM, ARM, diving missiles, fighters and helicopters in littoral environments. Each ship is equipped with two Terma SCANTER 2001 navigation radars. One of the radar systems is utilized primarily for navigation and surveillance, whereas the other guides helicopters when landing on the frigates. The navigation equipment includes also the Sagem SIGMA 40, an inertial navigation system based on ring-laser-gyro technology. The system provides all the data crucial for navigation: heading, roll and pitch, angular velocities, position and heave, horizontal/vertical velocities and accelerations, etc. Source navalanalyses.blogspot.com

 

 

2 x Terma SCANTER 2001 navigation radar

 

 

terma-radar-systems.jpg?w=693%26h=291&key=d406958207379872f65de287f0312d889ad776888f684fed799acc5508d27796

 

The SCANTER 2000 series is an X-band, 2D, fully coherent pulse compression radar, based on Solid State transmitter technology with digital software-defined functionality. It is especially suited for Vessel Traffic Services (VTS), river, and inner port surveillance. The outdoor transceiver unit is very small, weighs only 26 kg, and can be placed up-mast close to the antenna to minimize installation requirements and costs as well as waveguide loss between antenna and transceiver to acheive a high effecient solution. This SCANTER 2000 series provides a fully integrated solution with automated processing and low lifetime cost.

 

BASED ON THE SCANTER RADAR TECHNOLOGY

 

Terma has more than 60 years of experience in developing and manufacturing radars, and more than 2,200 radar systems are installed worldwide. Terma provides radar sensors to Vessel Traffic Services

 

(VTS), Coastal Surveillance Radar (CS), and Surface Movement Radar (SMR) segments. More than 85 of all major airports around the world and 65% of all coastal shores rely on Terma’s sensor technology.

 

KEY BENEFITS

 

  • Based on Terma’s high-quality and state-of-the-art radar technology
     
  • Weight only 26 kg
     
  • Easy integration – standard IP network
     
  • Low installation life-time cost
     

KEY FIGURES

 

 

Weight

 

 

26 kg

 

 

Hxwxd

 

 

466 mm x 422 mm x 422 mm

 

 

Type

 

 

Solid State power amplifier

 

 

Frequency

 

 

9.3-9.5GHz

 

 

Sector Transmission

 

 

Blank/reduced tx-power

 

 

Sampling

 

 

12 bit @ 200 MHz

 

 

Dynamic range

 

 

> 100 db (incl. processing)

 

 

Noise figure

 

 

2.5 dB typical

 

 

Emitter

 

 

>80W peak (equivalent to 25 kw magnetron)

 

 

Min. detection range

 

 

30 m

 

Source terma.com

 

0aaaag1.jpg?w=680&key=af156d508b35fa0bdfc5f4922809ae5dde008eebfd2704d3b8e942a2d9a4cbf9

 

 

Sigma 40: laser gyro technology inertial navigation system

 

 

tuile-sigma-40.jpg&key=527d924d2fbecfd3a714cb206ebfa759544cf0fa3015747ac4583388ef1b7e97

 

The Sigma 40 inertial navigation system is making use on laser gyro technology. An advanced system designed by Sagem for maritime applications, the Sigma 40 meets the most demanding navigation and weapon system stabilization requirements. 

 

Both an inertial attitude and heading reference system, the Sigma 40 offers high performance and precision for all sizes of surface vessels. Both compact and robust, the Sigma 40 delivers all data needed for navigation: heading, roll and pitch, angular velocity, position and heave, vertical/horizontal speed and acceleration.

 

The Sigma 40 is suited to all types of platforms, including fast patrol boats, mine-hunters, corvettes, frigates, aircraft carriers, etc. It comprises an inertial navigation unit (INU), control and display unit (CDU) and an installation bracket, for fast removal and reassembly without recalibration. Both innovative and scalable, the Sigma 40 is easy to install, maintain and operate. Source safran-electronics-defense.com

 

Artemis is based on medium-wave staring focal plane arrays and uses multiple static sensor heads rather than mechanical scanning. Herakles has a range of 250km against air targets and 80km against surface targets.

 

 

Thales Artemis IRST

 

 

artemis_1.jpg?w=625&key=bf848de2ce6c185016e2ce42d07e4f523adf2fc5a03925877ed70c93919b5584

 

Thales Artemis IRST (Infra Red Search and Track) system is based on a full stare sensor suite and advanced real time algorithms for automatic detection and tracking. Artemis is designed to provide full tactical situation awareness for simultaneous surface and air surveillance. Directly connected to the Combat Management System, the IRST is able to provide confirmed tracks at long range on threats such as anti-ship sea skimming missile, fighter or small craft, and to deliver images to the crew to improve situation awareness. Artemis uses three sensor units fixed on a mast or topside structure to achieve 360°surveillance coverage in azimuth, with each connected to a central processing unit by a fibre-optic link. Source navalanalyses.blogspot.com

 

 

20140821000046_f97.jpg?w=625&key=119f2e41c491224ee00d77025e13ae5040388beff0925f6955c487365ebf5dedThe mast with the Artemis system (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The upgradeable high-performance combat system by DCN and Thales is based on a high-speed data network. The combat system architecture will enable future weapon systems to be integrated into the frigates.

 

 

20140821000153_f113.jpg?w=625&key=73178a334f5f74c5de5db15f36b08ce521c4dfba2a0f7765b1eb69fc2f54e026The bridge of Normandy (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) -Image: meretmarine.com20140821000023_f90.jpg?w=625&key=baa18b17702f2611815156b84d68073080a079cfd6a14959c1c5216b8c6b080cThe bridge of Normandy (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) -Image: meretmarine.com20160317010926_l33.jpg?w=625&key=a781402c610ce50e80ff759fe713acd32199e9e1e987874f20d09e7e2333738aThe bridge of Languedoc (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com20140821000038_f94.jpg?w=625&key=363eae76df766a8ca1ca6e482684863a33a3b1c7e73a3d501738cd54d25ad3bcLe pacha à la passerelle (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) -Image: meretmarine.com20140821000218_f119.jpg?w=625&key=5c317d28341637d1ead3f5fe51d47edb5525d328fa9cb60050195893450fa6a0La passerelle surmontée par l’Herakles (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU)  – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The ship’s Nato standard external communications include Link 11, Link 16, Link 22 and JSAT tactical data links, allowing full interoperability with Nato forces.

 

Internal communications include messaging, conventional and wireless telephony, public address, closed circuit television and internet and intranet ports.

 

 

Thales UMS 4110 CL hull sonar

 

 

 

hull-mounted-sonar.png?w=625&key=9020634b9d8e323537e04519a5dae8173af4e083178edafc563b2c9cb6dc56baImage for illustration only

 

 

The bow mounted UMS 4110 CL is a long-range sonar for offensive ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) and self-protection. It is designed for multi-mode operation and can simultaneously operate two active channels – ASW transmission modes – as well as passive channels for listening only or for the tracking of torpedoes. It also has the capability to carry out obstacle avoidance. A conventional cylindrical array lies at the heart of the UMS 4110 CL system, operating at about 5 kHz so as to exploit the range advantage of a rather low frequency.

 

 

20140821212954_captas.jpg?w=625&key=8ab6571648f1538d775b118795dfc2b26fab8e68d8c7e2411ee76cffa53965a1Principle of operation of sonars (© THALES) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

In December 2001, Thales France and Alenia Marconi Systems were awarded a development contract for a new sonar system, known as 4110 CL, to be integrated into the four Horizon frigates. The 4110 CL is a hull-mounted medium frequencies sonar system featuring advanced signals processing. The development contract also included the procurement of four such sonar arrays to be mounted on two French and two Italian ships. The same sonar system was also selected for the FREMM multi-purpose frigates for the Navies of France and Italy. Source deagel.com

 

 

Nettuno 4100 by ELT Elettronica 

 

 

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The NETTUNO-4100 ECM System can provide naval platforms with an Active Electronic Defence using selected ECM tactics, exploited through DRFM generated signals. These tactics can be equally effective against both terminal missile attacks and long range designation radar systems, surface search and tracking radars in support of anti-surface engagements.

 

 

20140821000215_f117.jpg?w=625&key=fdab9373e0aa2da40cde48dae0b1cad4c223281936c03aa8465bd69ea995e796One of the two jammers (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

Nettuno 4100 is a state-of-the-art radar ECM having a scalable architecture which can be configured for different needs by:

 

  • assessing the needed Effective Radiated Power (ERP) in relation to the ship Radar Cross Section (RCS) and role
     
  • dimensioning the antenna array and the transmitted power to the ERP required for the defence purposes.
     

In any case , the Nettuno 4100 systems can cooperate with other onboard EW sensors.

 

System Highlights

 

  • Full azimuth coverage, 50° Elevation
     
  • Electronic beam steering (electronically stabilized against ship movements)
     
  • Wide frequency coverage (H to J bands)
     
  • Full solid-state design ensuring high ERP and graceful degradation in case of failure
     
  • Detection, measurement and jamming of emitter side-lobe
     
  • Multi-threat jamming capability through time-sharing resource management
     
  • High level of readiness (no warm-up)
     
  • High reliability and maintainability
     
  • BITE down to module/card level
     
  • Easy on-board integration and installation (no wave guides).
     

 

 

Thales ALTESSE is a high performance wideband for Communication ESM

 

 

alt.jpg?w=625&key=e9e3cd71b0fbcb06d83e1b893907a096d4bb45ca4390adfed714adfe91f6fffc

 

The communications include a variety of equipment. Thales ALTESSE is a high performance wideband for Communication ESM providing early warning and tactical situation awareness capabilities based on interception and direction finding of the radio communication signals in HF and V/UHF band, that can be easily integrated with Combat Management System. The TMR6200 are receiver-exciters that use digital signal processing technology to offer cost-effective and highly flexible radios for HF naval communications systems. They can be operated independently as a standalone radio via the control panel or within an integrated naval communications system offering voice, data, messaging and e-mail services. The Thales TUUM-6 Digital Under Water Communication System offering Long range Low Probably Intercept (LPI) data transmission, high data rate transmission and communication with divers. Other equipment includes Link 11, Link 16, satellite and commercial communications with Syracuse antennas (SURFSAT-L terminal),  the Thales TRN 4000 Fixed Frequency UHF Transceiver and the Thales PARTNER Communication Management System to cope with crew reduction and a friendly use of the communications.Source navalanalyses.blogspot.com – Thales ALTESSE: Details

 

 

Syracuse antennas (SURFSAT-L terminal)

 

 

 

20140821000044_f96.jpg?w=625&key=d958ad71ed0decec235fd8682a6fd4044a4ae0d075d2633f216ee48c5289a907Antenna Syracuse III under the Herakles (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

 

 

 

Missile variations and weaponry

 

 

fremm1.gif?w=684%26h=499&key=a5d3a5501ff8c30bab0f6fbec0e7edab6dcc66400e964563cd04165ce14f60ee

 

 

SETIS combat system

 

 

 

20121127205001_2012mlbh122_008jeanjacqueslebail.jpg?w=625&key=e5c0b1cd4b258aec699d9ce7f6bdc1d6ba02750b54b5be9130f8bc2e01a13552CO of Aquitaine (© MARINE NATIONALE) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The combat system of the ships is the DCNS SETIS (Ship Enhanced Tactical information System), an integrated combat system for networked multi-mission operations. SETIS features advanced algorithms to detect, identify and react immediately to threats with the most appropriate weapon system. SETIS combines a large range of equipment, sensors and long-range weapons for detection, identification and engagements in extreme conditions such as multiple attacks. The Thales SIC21 is a Command and Control Information System. According to Thales, SIC21 is a mission management capability to support all types of naval operations. It increases interoperability & information security within operational Command & control in National, Joint & multinational environments. Sea and Land continuum with deployment on all naval platforms, whether equipped with a Combat Management System or not, and land-based command sites. Source navalanalyses.blogspot.com

 

For anti-ship capability, the French FREMMs are being armed with MBDA’s Exocet MM40 block three anti-ship missiles, which will be controlled via a CMS multifunction console by a Mer-Mer weapon control system. Block three missiles have longer range and an enhanced navigation system to give a littoral attack capability.

 

 

Exocet MM40 block three anti-ship missiles

 

 

mm40_block_3.jpg?w=705%26h=370&key=2f1728f69b148b5260a4c4e34ba30b4511b524f6d879677a060f66390f965663

 

The MM40 Block 3 is the latest, and extremely advanced, Exocet derivative featuring added coastal attack capability, while enhances the proven long range anti-ship capability of the MM40 missile.

 

A new propulsion system will be provided to the Block 3 missile to extend its operational range out to 180 km. Block 3 missiles will be fully compliant with evolving vertical launch requirements.

 

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Block 3’s new airframe will feature reduced radar (RCS) and Infrared (IR) signatures as well as enhanced maneuverability allowing flight stealth conditions for increased survivability. The guidance package will combine GPS/INS and a new J-band seeker providing new attack profiles and reduced jam vulnerability. The Block 3 will be armed with a new warhead to better adapt to the coastal attack role.

 

The new MM40 Block 3 missile will be available in 2006. MBDA is marketing the Block 3 as an upgrade kit for retrofitting to existing MM40 missiles. The French Navy intends to upgrade currently deployed Exocet MM40 Block 2 missiles to the Block 3 standard. MM40 Block 3 data source deagel.com

 

3d855b0e2acacf22473ccb7a914c6949.jpg?w=661%26h=661&key=47f086391f1310a1cd6c32cebba2a5a25c0009937ef22b6b24ce19a75f08369f

 

The MBDA Aster 15 air defence missile system for the AVT and ASW French frigates provides protection against supersonic and subsonic threats. Aster 15 has a minimum range of 1.7km and a maximum range of 30km against subsonic airborne threats.

 

 

Aster air defence missile system

 

 

 

freda_air_defense_fremm_dcns_french_navy_aster.jpg?w=669%26h=793&key=b1dde8c003ad077d8df15f8a21e35c145838ffae3c42955f94caa35ca4f85870Tir d’Aster 15 sur l’Aquitaine (© MBDA) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The ASTER modular family of vertically launched missiles have been designed to meet the high demanding requirements of the emerging air threats such as aircraft, UAVs, helicopters and specially missiles. The ASTER missiles can be installed on ground- and sea-based platforms. They feature hit-to-kill capability, a very valuable skill against ballistic missiles. The missile family entered service in 2002 with the French Armed Forces. The ASTER 15 and ASTER 30 are integrated on the SAAM (ASTER 15), PAAMS (ASTER 15 and ASTER 30) and SAMP/T (ASTER 30) air defense systems. These systems will be employed by the armed forces of France, Italy and the United Kingdom.

 

 

ASTER 15 and ASTER 30

 

 

 

aster-15-301.jpg?w=681%26h=383&key=9a10c41c72c72ee550b69b2f66a187d2cb37ccc1b25a65cd1062248ed32299bcASTER 15/30 – Image: mbda-systems.com

 

 

The two-stage ASTER missiles are provided with two different solid propellant boosters resulting in the ASTER 15 and the ASTER 30 models. The ‘Pif-Paf’ control system enables the ASTER missile to counter high maneuverable missiles achieving a direct impact (hit-to-kill). The ‘Pif-Paf’ propulsion combines conventional aerodynamic control with control by gas jets acting through the centre of gravity of the missile. Until mid-course the guidance of an ASTER missile is based on the Inertial Navigation System (INS) updated through an uplink, in the terminal phase the guidance is provided by an active Radiofrequency seeker. The final stage of the ASTER missile is a ‘dart’ equipped with the seeker, a sustainer motor, a proximity fuze and a blast fragmentation warhead.

 

 

aster_missile.jpg?w=625&key=65cd4783283b809cec2a28cf52c3a724cd36d809b06b426686246efe2def0ed0The ‘Pif-Paf’ propulsion – Image: wikiwand.com

 

 

The ASTER 15 is a short range missile intended for self-defense (point defense) purposes against highly maneuverable threats. The ASTER 15 is integrated on the SAAM and beginning in 2006 in the PAAMS system. The SAAM is installed on French-built frigates and the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier. The PAAMS will be provided to the Horizon frigates (France and Italy) and the Type 45 destroyers (United Kingdom).

 

 

20140820235424_f17.jpg?w=625&key=ed04275acc0117fc8ae258b1eb99193c3806e8890f3232dc87d488d25ae39583The front range with the Sylver launchers (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

8d5494eef01f3a29564afa529825bc315d607caf.png?w=625&key=0a19d9c7ca9f0039d9da61d10a5ce3357a7be3044a0557d464bb7cba60631874The basic structure of -ASTER 15/30 – Image: et97.com

 

 

 

ASTER 15 version

 

 

Dimensions

Diameter: 180 millimeter (7.09 inch)

Length: 4.20 meter (165 inch)

Performance

Max Range: 30,000 meter (16.2 nautical mile)

Min Range: 1,700 meter (0.92 nautical mile)

Target’s Max Altitude: 13,000 meter (8.08 mile)

Speed

Top Speed: 1,000 mps (3,601 kph)

Weight

Weight: 310 kilogram (683 pound)

 

ASTER 15 data Source deagel.com

 

 

ASTER 30 version

 

 

Number of Stages: 2 

Dimensions

Diameter: 180 millimeter (7.09 inch)

Length: 4.90 meter (193 inch)

Performance

Max Range: 120 kilometer (65 nautical mile)

Min Range: 3,000 meter (1.62 nautical mile)

Target’s Max Altitude: 20,000 meter (12.4 mile)

Speed

Top Speed: 1,494 mps (5,380 kph)

Weight

Weight: 450 kilogram (992 pound)

 

ASTER 30 data Source deagel.com

 

The MBDA Scalp Naval vertically launched cruise missile provides the French AVT FREMM’s land attack capability.

 

MBDA was awarded a contract for the first batch of 50 Scalp missiles for FREMM frigates in January 2007.

 

The Sylver A-70 vertical launcher was developed by DCN Ruelle. The missiles use inertial guidance and electro-optical terrain contour matching (TERCOM) in the terminal target approach phase of flight. Scalp Naval has a range of more than 1,000km.

 

 

Scalp Naval vertically launched cruise missile

 

 

5rlgpl.jpg?w=678%26h=382&key=621542fe8cf20b88235ea68fbbba36c79fab85cd7f8992c27a54d2c128bd763e

 

The MdCN or Missile de Croisiere Naval, also known as Scalp Naval, is a derivative of the Storm Shadow/Scalp EG standoff missile being developed by MBDA to meet the requirements of the French Navy for a sea-launched land attack cruise missile. This new cruise missile features a maximum range of roughly 1,000 kilometers. The next generation of French multi-mission frigates and the Barracuda-class nuclear submarines will be armed with the Scalp Naval weapon. Source deagel.com

 

 

20130707213712_28828.jpg?w=625&key=ead7e706850ac04e1a27302b6b1f7bd73b99389e25a391ac172b73348baebcf5MdCN (© MBDA) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

Embedded on combat vessels positioned prolonged, at a safe distance in international waters, ostensibly (frigates) or discreetly (submarine), the MdCN will be able to reach objectives located at more than 1000 kilometers. During the flight phase, the missile, which has an inertial unit, is recalibrated thanks to a radio altimeter and a GPS positioning system enabling it to evolve at very low altitude. In the final phase, he uses an infrared autodirector to recognize his target and destroy it. Ideal for neutralizing strategic facilities, such as command infrastructure, the MdCN, with a 500-kilogram military load, is designed to penetrate hardened targets. The missile, which is 6.5 meters long and has a mass of 1.4 tons, will be housed in the vertical launch cells of two Sylver A70 octous launchers supplied by DCNS. They are installed on the front beach, with two other launchers, this time the Sylver A43, which will house 16 Aster 15 missiles, cornerstone of the surface-air defense of the building. Translated by google – Source meretmarine.com

 

 

Sylver vertical launcher

 

 

 

074fa6b36f9cf75d02790b4d0b604038.jpg?w=703%26h=703&key=a9eeb2c403e6c69f4fefebd8874c091e172633d0fdc35f111f1721533ab3835120140820235658_f49.jpg?w=625&key=0343ac5b76e3d8b6954b0fcf2513b0ed93f8d0185a0586f6a2a294dbbd6c7014Lanceurs Sylver (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

As of 2009, the FREDA design features a more powerful version of the Thales Herakles passive electronically scanned array radar and 32 cells of SYLVER A50 in place of the 16 cells of A43 and 16 cells of A70. The SYLVER A50 would allow it to fire the 120 kilometres (75 mi)-range Aster 30 missile; the towed array sonar would not be fitted. Source wikiwand.com

 

sylver-vls-2.jpg?w=625&key=b2675850d8ff9de6f2f363c03a61470d08074c4e190934a51e6c8747e17d5bf8

 

The French FREMM’s main gun is the Oto Melara medium calibre 76/62 Super Rapide naval gun. The gun interfaces to an optronic fire control system. The gun is controlled control either via a CMS multifunction console or through a visual weapons director on the bridge. Four 12.7mm machine guns are installed for close-in defence.

 

 

Oto Melara 76/62 Stealth Shield, Multi feeding system

 

 

861b23307ecba22d5f7e5eac83917cfd.jpg?w=625&key=94a353f0fe447c353e4156fbad506d91871586b004ef157e60c07e27d7f84f1e

 

 

Technical data:

 

 

Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm

Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)

Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)

Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms

Elevation: – 15° to + 85°

Traverse: 360°

Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm

Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)

Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds

 

Range: 

16 kilometers with standard ammunition

20 km with extended range ammunition

up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition

 

 

20140820235638_f46.jpg?w=625&key=3c52fad3f3511bce00b03fcb06eb37b7a9575f235de0abbdaa3831dbfe6f1c6dLe barillet de la tourelle de 76mm (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

Ammunition:

– HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)

– MOM (multi-role OTO munition)

– PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition

– SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km

– SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km

– DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets 

(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km

– VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development

 

 

DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight)

 

 

wnus_3-62_mk75_dart_pic.jpg?w=649%26h=423&key=f18d55ce1da227af8ec6e833415c43b377d958e55724f7db7eb358c6d4a76e95

 

 

VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition)

 

 

wnus_3-62_mk75_vulcano_pic.jpg?w=625&key=de775d21c86845f1e306d6d30dbe971e794ce5ea445069b2d367e42cb9e528b1

 

Source seaforces.org

 

 

1 x Sagem VIGY MM electro-optical fire control system for the 76mm cannon

 

 

vigymm-2.jpg?w=376%26h=184&key=893a82c48157bbca267d565e985f6dca391c3ddd15f3afce42b7ae9f031f1e84

 

The Sagem VIGY MM is an electro-optical fire control system equipped with an integrated ballistic computer, a gun fire control interface and a high-performance gyrostabilized platform that allows long- or short-range, high-precision shooting by day or night, including in very rough sea conditions with poor visibility. Thanks also to its passive equipment it can operate in radar silence. Used against sea or air targets during all types of self-defense operations, Vigy MM can engage any symmetric/asymmetric threat, including terrorist threats, with identification capability. Whether integrated in a Combat Management System or operated in standalone mode, it enables manual or automatic sector surveillance, automatic 2D/3D target tracking, aid to identification and processing of 3D target designation information. Source navalanalyses.blogspot.com – Sagem VIGY MM:Details

 

2b8369fca98d73f5640ab9287393d6ab.jpg?w=663%26h=663&key=34dea280287d2d9e6ca655bf591e0b49574a86fad0ed379358cdf230781a6218

 

 

3 x Nexter 20mm Narwhal remote weapon systems

 

 

 

20160316220352_n5.jpg?w=625&key=8fbc14838054b406c975da2079a7058017b9dfa127955b8687c39fb25965b24aNexter 20mm Narwhal remote weapon systems (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

NARWHAL® combines the impressive firepower of Nexter’s 20M621 20mm gun – used by more than 25 countries – with a set of high-performance day/night electro-optic cameras and a moving target monitoring function. It is the ideal system for a broad range of critical missions. It is perfectly suited to surveillance and maritime police operations, but also interception and self-defence operations in the face of constantly evolving asymmetric threats.

 

NARWHAL® provides short-range self-defence for French and Egyptian FREMM frigates, for French MISTRALclass vessels and for Lebanese navy patrol boats. It will be also in service on patrol boats (Guyanese PLG light patrol craft) and on the HORIZON class frigates of the French Navy. Source nexter-group.fr

 

 

 

 

Interior 

 

 

 

20140820235835_f64.jpg?w=625&key=64499100ef5b6f016c70e2a1ab0d67b684c2e1482ba9f121b230a8bd59addb9bPoste OMS (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com20140821000157_f115.jpg?w=625&key=41630eedba7222421bc1c969529a6b9498428d8617a091b537c2a83d2dfee049Cuisine (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com20140820235918_f77.jpg?w=625&key=1e2906c7c7ad41082d68a48be6c7688c96d9cea863c93473d37679d640eaf685Coursive (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

 

Torpedoes and countermeasures of the multimission frigates

 

 

 

20140821205832_45964.jpg?w=625&key=5ec33f42603f52952470a938f75226af2744d5585bd4877fff08fb56e3e961c4Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The French vessels are armed with the Eurotorp MU 90 Impact torpedo. MU 90 has a directed energy warhead and a range of 12,000m at maximum speed and 25,000m at minimum speed.

 

 

Eurotorp MU 90 Impact torpedo

 

 

c8a35fc0497c17cf012bf350c10a37e9.jpg?w=625&key=d98d21c61b330f694d8d222f8a53271c8fbe388bb11bc1ea66f17d7fcabc444a

 

The MU90/IMPACT Advanced Lightweight Torpedo is the leader of the 3rd generation of LWTs. Designed and built with the most advanced technology, the weapon is of fire-and-forget type conceived to cope with any-task any-environment capability requirements and meet the ASW operational needs of the 21st century.

 

The weapon has been designed to counter any type of nuclear or conventional submarine, acoustically coated, deep and fast-evasive, deploying active or passive anti-torpedo effectors

 

 

20140821205826_45967.jpg?w=625&key=943bb8006130323e50028c9c81a3da4784468f27663a83258efce11e909a4d43Lancement d’une MU90 d’entrainement sur l’Aquitaine (© MARINE NATIONALE) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

 

Characteristics

 

 

 

 

Main Dynamic Features

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linearly Variable speed

 

 

……………………

 

 

29 to >> 50 kts**

 

 

Range

 

 

……………………

 

 

>10,000 m at max. speed**

> 23,000m at min. speed**

 

 

Minimum depth for launching

 

 

……………………

 

 

< 25 m

 

 

Max. operating depth

 

 

……………………

 

 

>> 1000 m**

 

 

Agility and manoeuvrability

 

 

…………………….

 

 

Extreme

 

 

Diameter (NATO Standard)

 

 

……………………

 

 

323,7 mm

 

 

Length

 

 

……………………

 

 

2850 mm

 

 

Weight

 

 

……………………

 

 

304 kg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main Acoustic Features

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operational bandwidth

 

 

……………………

 

 

>>10KHz

 

 

Acoustic coverage

 

 

……………………

 

 

120°H x 70°V

 

 

Simultaneous targets

 

 

……………………

 

 

Up to 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main Counter-Counter Measures

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stationary target detection capability

 

 

Decoy classification

 

 

Anti-Jammer tactics

 

 

(**) = real value classified

 

 

Source eurotorp.com

 

 

20140821000010_f86.jpg?w=625&key=a4e40cd55b6a5dd7fab628ebc4c14eebe7c1e3447e7f1f5f6b5ac45113973a10Les tubes lance-torpilles à bâbord (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

2 x torpedo launchers Eurotorp/WASS B515/3 for MU 90 torpedoes with Calzoni AHS (Automatic Handling System). The ships carry in total 19 torpedoes. Source navalanalyses.blogspot.com

 

 

Calzoni AHS (Automatic Handling System)

 

 

 

20130624223602_40358.jpg?w=625&key=ae2285ae76a4b845c6e282f3a56a15783c21e5661f8ee169b0107ee1c4eb73b4MU 90 torpedoes with Calzoni AHS (Automatic Handling System)  Torpille MU90 (© DGA) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

Thales developed the integrated electronic warfare suite. Sagem was awarded a contract for the new-generation Dagaie system (NGDS) decoy system in January 2007.

 

 

Dagaie system (NGDS) decoy system

 

 

 

20121013124819_dsc_0354.jpg?w=625&key=0f77675cea5a57b24e76cc9d1367faa48f01598efea2355aedf52f8af2f43d3cNGDS, ici sur le Chevalier Paul (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The NGDS (New-Generation Dagaie System) is a NATO-compliant, flexible, self-defense electronic warfare unit based on decoy launchers and intended to counter multiple threats such as anti-ship missiles and torpedoes. With several mobile mountings that can be elevated and traversed, the NGDS is integrated in the ship’s combat system’s detection and warning system. The system has been designed for integration onboard frigates but a lighter version is available for smaller ships (displacement below 1000t).

 

A single NGDS system consists of two double-axis launchers each equipped with 12 decoys and a computer that selects the best-suited countermeasure against a given threat. Against missiles the NGDS can employ both infrared and radar decoys and acoustic decoys or jammer against incoming torpedoes. The lighter version aimed at ships under 1,000t only features a decoy launcher. So far, the NGDS have been selected for integration onboard the French Navy’s La Fayette, Horizon and FREMM frigates. Source deagel.com

 

The NGDS self-protection electronic warfare unit based on decoy launchers uses various anti-missile tactics:

 

  • centroid seduction
     
  • active seduction
     
  • dump seduction (with a jammer)
     
  • dilution, confusion or distraction
     

The system adapts to all types of short, medium and long-range munitions:

 

  • IR or electromagnetic decoys
     
  • Active Offboard Decoys (AOD)
     
  • Anti-Torpedo Decoys (ATD)
     
  • laser jammer
     

 

 

SLAT launchers with Canto-V anti-torpedo countermeasure system

 

 

 

20121013124846_dsc_0971.jpg?w=625&key=9c29af9d63ad6b60666290f017fa1c84c6780dccd79695ac6b3fb15791fa29afSLAT, ici sur le Chevalier Paul (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The CANTO-V is the next-generation anti-torpedo countermeasure system for existing and future surface ships developed by DCNS as part of the CONTRALTO-V product line. The CANTO-V countermeasure system consists of a pneumatic launcher and decoys designed to counter advanced torpedoes. CONTRALTO-V has been designed to operate with multiple launchers with the decoys being deployed following a ballistic trajectory. DCNS successfully conducted a series of test in May and June 2011. Source deagel.com

 

 

 

 

Aircraft landing deck of the European vessels

 

 

1402974.jpg?w=671%26h=446&key=2b4c76be40bb6bbafd0cc96b22b7528ba41549c5f2bd695f5a3f57b4db1830ed

 

The frigate has an aft helicopter hangar and a helicopter deck of approximately 520m². The frigate is fitted with an emergency communication and remote briefing system with the ship’s helicopter. The French AVT frigates are fitted for a tactical unmanned air vehicle (TUAV). The AVT FREMM also has the capability to control long-endurance, medium and high-altitude (MALE and HALE) unmanned air vehicles launched from ground sites or from other platforms.

 

 

20140820235953_f82.jpg?w=625&key=7761d868867a23f7d45d8eda75eed39e400368920b80654e68e04b7c5d38d2e3Le hangar hélicoptère (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image meretmarine.com20140820235930_f79.jpg?w=625&key=aa04d3711887f8dc3b5b6a79f3427573a4489c629a6fa644cac299704cbc6e22Le hangar hélicoptère (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image meretmarine.com20140820235937_f81.jpg?w=625&key=18e6835a94d56bcfb692ee1122dd67131abfe65f0b28bbb78b7d866b9e30601bThe platform with the Samahé system (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image meretmarine.comsamahc3a9-helicopter-handling-system.jpg?w=679%26h=474&key=03117f773ed2562fb0421784a78f2de1404edd70065fb0e18565f1d53f916a2aSamahé helicopter handling system

 

 

 

NH90 NFH: Details

 

 

 

20130907174113_mu2.jpg?w=625&key=e43ba77ec22fa5ef269e2cd9a2c2e0a0e1114a86307dfbaae777dcdbcb1214b1Caïman Marine avec une MU90 d’entrainement (© MARINE NATIONALE) – Image meretmarine.com

 

 

Italian vessels are being fitted with the TC-ASIST helicopter handling system from Curtiss-Wright Controls of Charlotte, North Carolina.

 

Both the French and Italian frigates have gas turbines with two shafts driving fixed pitch propellers.

 

In March 2006, Avio of Italy was awarded the contract to supply the FREMM power plant for both countries, which will be the LM2500+G4 gas turbine, licensed-built from General Electric, which will provide 32MW of power.

 

The maximum speed is 27k. For quiet anti-submarine operations the shafts are driven by electric motors and the frigate’s speed in ASW silent mode is up to 15kt.

 

An azimuth thruster provides precision manoeuvring for quayside and harbour operations, station keeping and as a back-up emergency propulsion system.

 

 

Commando boats

 

 

855217819304e684978d812038ef6875.jpg?w=617%26h=617&key=7afd85a0257f184625ccc144dd03320ebcb9dfce70732a76523061ad1682ff81

 

This review of the capabilities of Normandy will be completed with its speedboats. The frigate has on each edge of a large niche hidden by a sliding curtain (used to limit the equivalent surface radar). Each niche will normally accommodate a semi-rigid boat, launching by means of davits.

 

 

20140821000019_f89.jpg?w=625&key=0ccfc56933f2def1b9f8df3b2b618b3fcead40f6bcbdff7ee3539ff09b48d9faNiche tribord de la Normandie (© MER ET MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image meretmarine.com

 

 

The niches are also designed to house an ECUME, the new 9-meter rapid craft of the marine commando. The FREMM should also be very good platforms for special operations. Apart from the ECUME, they have space for the accommodation of commandos and their equipment, which can be deployed either by sea or by air via the helicopter platform. Translated by google – Source meretmarine.com

 

 

Propulsion system

 

 

8b1f1a253ad9c25d8be3370f39840ea3.jpg?w=604%26h=604&key=4ae00386eead676c5da95b0a552fc28ddac20f2039e60519582999ed1041e68d

 

 

Propulsion:

 

 

  • France: CODLOG
     
  • Italy: CODLAG
     
  • 1 × 32 MW gas turbine General Electric/Avio LM2500+G4
     
  • 2 × 2.5 MW electric motors Jeaumont Electric
     
  • 4 × diesel generators
     
  • France: MTU Series 4000 (2,2 MW everyone)
     
  • Italy: Isotta Fraschini VL 1716 (T2ME series by 2,15 MW everyone, on first two frigate; HPCR series by 2,8 MW everyone, since the third frigate)
     
  • 2 × shafts, driving controllable pitch propellers
     
  • 1 × 1 MW bow thruster
     

 

 

Speed:

 

 

  • France: 27+ knots (50 km/h (31 mph))
     
  • Italy: 29+ knots (55 km/h (34 mph))
     

 

 

Range:

 

 

  • France: 6,000 nm (11,000 km (6,800 mi)) at 15 knots
     
  • Italy: 6,700 nm (12,300 km (7,600 mi)) at 15 knots
     

 

Source wikiwand.com

 

 

20160317010928_l31.jpg?w=625&key=79f88089441a7091e1dd0a66d6d11cff1b7dc2116a85ed828ad8ad62c294d62fEngine propulsion control room (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

The ship length is 113 m, beam 19 m and displacement 5,600 tonnes. A CODLAG propulsion arrangement is powered by a single Avio licensed General Electric LM2500+G4 gas turbine of 35 MW and four Isotta Fraschini VL 1716 C2ME diesel gensets each rated at 2,190 kW at 1,800 rpm. The French built FREMMs use four MTU 16V 4000 M63L diesel gensets each rated at 2,240 kW at 1,800 rpm.

 

 

image-1.jpg?w=591%26h=328&key=b64c3918b9c7c0e76f99e1f9083f4affeb84b56fba4bdcc207a031c7e7907e13Photo of a CODLAG gearbox for the Italian-French FREMM Class Frigate Photo Credit: Renk AG – Image: maritimepropulsion.com

 

 

The gearbox is a Renk design consisting of a cross-connect gear system, to split 35 MW gas turbine power equally between the two propellers. A cross connecting gear links each of the two propeller shafts. Each propeller shaft has one electric motor and supplies power either individually at cruising speed with clutches disconnected or connected to the gas turbine with the clutches engaged for full speed. Under diesel electric power the maximum speed is 15 kn and when combined with the gas turbine 28 kn.

 

 

image.jpg?w=682%26h=356&key=fa9d9dba65c055fd5b5cac8155ded1240cb719112d893cc19668433c0b6a704fDrawing of the CODLAG propulsion arrangement of the French-Italian FREMM Class Frigate Image Credit: Renk AG – Image: maritimepropulsion.com

 

 

 

 

20160317010941_l9.jpg?w=625&key=aa429ed67b4f231d098165381036178d7f3f4bfc68569496c2f9ff13d55473f1Languedoc (653) gas turbine (© SEA AND MARINE – VINCENT GROIZELEAU) – Image: meretmarine.com

 

 

 

1 x General Electric LM2500

 

 

34155-9655357.jpg?w=625&key=c25c6dc8749dece04b04c219a46aa6102bb912658ec214fb09132a5340dd8990

 

The General Electric LM2500 is an industrial and marine gas turbine produced by GE Aviation. The LM2500 is a derivative of the General Electric CF6 aircraft engine.

 

The LM2500 is available in 3 different versions:

 

  • The LM2500 delivers 33,600 shaft horsepower (shp) (25,060 kW) with a thermal efficiency of 37 percent at ISO conditions. When coupled with an electric generator, it delivers 24 MW of electricity at 60 Hz with a thermal efficiency of 36 percent at ISO conditions.
     
  • The improved, 3rd generation, LM2500+ version of the turbine delivers 40,500 shp (30,200 kW) with a thermal efficiency of 39 percent at ISO conditions. When coupled with an electric generator, it delivers 29 MW of electricity at 60 Hz with a thermal efficiency of 38 percent at ISO conditions.
     
  • The latest, 4th generation, LM2500+G4 version was introduced in November 2005 and delivers 47,370 shp (35,320 kW) with a thermal efficiency of 39.3 percent at ISO conditions.
     

 

ENG_LM2500_Marine-GT_Drawing_lg.jpg&key=556a0ce1deb34353c7affe17720ccef527a1c109d8b75a5e6828e2660d045f91Image: defenceindustrydaily.comlm_1.jpg&key=7bbba4a7506e8641339bef190001c31a8269c59f2979cfd4671875bd0f3028df

 

LM2500 installations place the engine inside a metal container for sound and heat isolation from the rest of the machinery spaces. This container is very near the size of a standard 40-foot (12 m) intermodal shipping container – but not the same, the engine size very slightly exceeds those dimensions. The air intake ducting may be designed and shaped appropriately for easy removal of the LM2500 from their ships. Source wikiwand.com

 

 

4 x Isotta Fraschini VL 1716 C2ME (Italy FREMM)

 

 

 

vl1716-31464_1b.jpg?w=625&key=84b71c17705aa501bde307cd965c2eea31a729d2e7b056ab3a81cbd901ec8d74Image: nauticexpo.com

 

 

 

4 x MTU 16V 4000 M63L diesel gensets (French FREMM)

 

 

954_poster-a0-s4000-gas-engine_en_print.jpg?w=625&key=96faaac4e7594e99d97d0206bfd688639122f499c1887983895b0d64862669ae6-hybrid-propulsion-system.jpg?w=698%26h=446&key=556b629a139573aba5f50c05b03354370dd7c188cfcbd4bdeb55a36f1feadb98

 

Main material source naval-technology.com

 

Revised Jan 02, 2016

 

Updated Apr 16, 2017

 

 

Country-specific equipment

 

 

 

Common equipment

 

 

  • OTO Melara 76/62 mm Super Rapid gun (on Italian Navy versions with Davide/Strales guided-ammunition)
     
  • 2 x torpedo launchers Eurotorp/WASS B515/3 for MU 90 torpedoes with Calzoni AHS (Automatic Handling System)
     
  • 1 x Selex ES NA-25 DARDO-F fire control system for the 76mm cannon
     
  • 2 x SLAT (Systeme de Lutte Anti-Torpille) anti-torpedo system (into Italian Navy only for ASW version) ASW DLS (Anti Submarine Weapon Decoy Launcher System) based on Thales ALERT sonar system, DCNSRATO command system and WASS CMAT weapon system (with 12 tube launcher for 127 mm’s WASS C-310 decoy and jammers)
     
  • NH90 helicopter, with capability for AW101Cougar and Caracal
     
  • Thales UMS 4110 CL hull sonar
     
  • Thales UMS 4249 CAPTAS4 towed sonar (anti-submarine versions only)
     
  • Thales TUUM-6 Underwater Telephone
     
  • 2 x Sigen MM/SMQ-765 EW system: with JASS (Jamming Antenna Sub System) ECM, Nettuno 4100, by ELT Elettronica and Thales ESM (Communications and Radar ESM)
     
  • 2 x SOFRESUD Quick Pointing Devices “QPD”
     

 

French-specific equipment

 

 

  • 16 cells of SYLVER A43 VLS for Aster 15
     
  • 16 cells of Sylver A70 VLS for SCALP Naval cruise missile with a range up to 1000 km
     
  • MM-40 Exocet block 3, for naval and land attack
     
  • Three Nexter 20mm Narwhal remote weapon systems
     
  • NGDS decoy launcher
     
  • Héraklès radar
     
  • Terma Scanter 2001 radar
     
  • Thales Artemis IRST
     
  • SETIS combat system
     
  • Sagem Najir fire control system for the 76mm gun
     
  • Samahé helicopter handling system
     

 

Italian-specific equipment

 

 

  • 16 cells of SYLVER A50 VLS for Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles
     
  • Space reserved for SYLVER A70 launchers for 16 SCALP Naval or similar cruise missile, but not fitted
     
  • Selex ES IRST SASS
     
  • another one Selex ES NA-25 DARDO-F fire control system for the second cannon (76/62 mm or 127/54 mm)
     
  • Selex ES EMPAR active 3D radar (MFRA).
     
  • Selex ES RASS (RAN-30X-I) surface radar (OTH)
     
  • LPI navigation radar Selex ES SPN-730 and two navigation radar GEM-Elettronica MM/SPN-753
     
  • Selex ES IFF SIR M5-PA; since the 7th FREMM-IT replaced with Leonardo-Finmeccanica IFF SIR M5-PA Conformal
     
  • Selex ES Athena combat system (CMS), with 21, three displays, MFC (Multi Functional Consolle): 17 into COC, 2 in backup COC, 1 on bridge and 1 into Command Planning Room
     
  • Selex ES SAAM-ESD extended area AAW combat system (for Aster 15 & Aster 30 missiles)
     
  • 2 x OTO Melara SCLAR-H DLS Multipurpose Rocket Launcher
     
  • 8 x Teseo\Otomat Mk-2/A block 4, for naval and land attack
     
  • 2 x Oto Melara/Oerlikon 25/80 mm, remote weapon system, controlled by close CMS
     
  • Curtiss-Wright TC-ASIST helicopter handling system (for both helicopters)
     
  • WASS SNA-2000-I, Mine Avoidance Sonar
     
  • L-3 ELAC Nautik SeaBeam 3050, Multi-beam echo sounder (only on ASW version)
     
  • 1 x 7 m rigid-hulled inflatable boat release and recovery lateral systems (Stemar 6,8 m, FNM HPEP 225 HP engine, 38 knots, 6 crew)
     
  • 1 x 11 m rigid-hulled inflatable boat release and recovery lateral systems
     
  • 11 m rigid-hulled inflatable boat fast release and recovery system (only on GP version)
     
  • ASW version: 2 x OTO Melara 76/62 mm Davide/Strales CIWS guns, one on the hangar (both with Strales guided-ammunitions) and 4 MILAS ASW missile
     
  • GP version: 1 x OTO Melara 127/64 mm gun with Vulcano guided ammunition, with a range up to 120 km, and AAHS (Automated Ammunition Handling System) with 350 rounds + 56 in turret and a second OTO Melara 76/62 mm Davide/Strales CIWS gun on the hangar (with Strales guided-ammunitions)
     

Source wikiwand.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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